iran women

One case that grew to national prominence was an attack on a student from the port city of Bandar Abbas, who was shot in her right eye. Ghazal Ranjkesh shared on her Instagram profile that she was shot while on the way back from work. Facing such dangerous conditions, a doctor from Mazandaran said she was removing pellets, which are sometimes metal and sometimes plastic, with the lights off to avoid detection. “The women are so ashamed to go to the hospital that many are treated at home and that’s very dangerous,” the doctor said. Traumatised by his experience, the physician – who like all medical professionals cited in this article spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of reprisals – said he had a hard time dealing with the stress and pain he witnessed.

  • Many Iranians take the occasion of this holiday to thank and honor their mothers, grandmothers, wives and sisters and to spend more time with them.
  • The silhouette of an Iranian woman, 28, is captured behind her headscarf.
  • For now, the regional and wider reverberations of Iranian girls’ revolt could not be more seismic.
  • Increasingly, the authorities transferred women prisoners of conscience to squalid conditions in prisons far from their families in reprisal for continuing to denounce human rights violations while imprisoned.

As of 2005, 65 percent of Iran’s university students and 43 percent of its salaried workers were women. As of early 2007, nearly 70 percent of Iran’s science and engineering students are women. The West can also try to ramp up targeted sanctions on officials and their family members who party abroad or funnel assets overseas. Meanwhile, the intelligence community should be spying more on Iran’s mass repression — and leaking information, where possible, to hold the country’s authorities accountable. “Should there be a government doing something wrong, the nation should punch it in the mouth,” Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini declared in 1979 after the revolution he led established the Islamic Republic. Behin Bolouri, 28, and her sister Samin, 21, began singing professionally in Iran eight years ago. Since the protests began in September, their version of the Italian song “Bella ciao” has been a ray of hope for freedom-seeking Iranians.

Discriminatory compulsory veiling laws led to daily harassment, arbitrary detention, torture and other ill-treatment, and denial of access to education, employment and public spaces. At least six women’s rights defenders remained imprisoned for campaigning against compulsory veiling. While during the revolution, the veil was worn and seen as a symbol of protest many women were alarmed when talk of the hijab being compulsory was discussed. This resulted in the International Women’s Day Protests in Tehran, 1979 against compulsory hijab. The topic was inflated when Ayatollah Khomeini was quoted to say that he preferred to see women in modest Islamic clothing. In 1981 veiling was made compulsory and cosmetics were banned, harsh punishments were also introduced by the morality police such as the removal of lipstick by a razor blade. In the early 1980s women were banned from acting as judges and were discouraged from becoming lawyers.

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After facing the threat of execution again, she left Iran and now lives in Norway, where she continues to work as an activist, standing up for the rights of women. In 1979 the United States imposed an economic boycott on Iran, which has affected many of their economic sectors. As a result, the boycott influenced women’s participation in the labor force. Weaving is a common occupation for women, as it can be done inside the family home.

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Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save lives around the world. Iranian writer-director Rakhshan Bani-Etemad is probably Iran’s best known and certainly most prolific female filmmaker.

In September 2022, during what seemed a typical detention over an inadequate hijab, Mahsa Amini, a young Kurdish woman visiting Tehran, was arrested and beaten. The country erupted in widespread protests not seen since the Green Revolution of 2009, demanding justice for Mahsa and freedom and civil rights for all women. A long standing defender of women’s rights, she was arrested and sentenced to death for participating in political demonstrations in 1981 while still a student. Her difficulties with the authorities didn’t end there, as she was prevented from obtaining her license to practice the law for a long time after graduation. Once she received her degree, she joined the Defenders of Human Rights Center in Iran.

Respect eventually came to her, first because of her work as a filmmaker. “The House is Black”, a documentary about a leprosarium in the city of Tabriz, was released in 1962 to critical acclaim. “Reborn”, published in 1964, is widely considered to be the best collection of poetry in the short history of Persian modernism. (Several of its poems are included in “Sin”.) After the revolution, the state banned Farrokhzad’s poetry rather than merely deprecating it. Her publisher refused to stop printing; he was jailed, and the building housing his printing presses was burned to the ground. Education became an ideological battleground after the Islamic revolution.

With many families being driven into poverty, they may force girls and women into marriage earlier to have one less person to feed. Iran’s civil code provides that girls can marry at 13 and boys at age 15, as well as at younger ages if authorized by a judge. Men and women of various ethnic backgrounds have marched under the banner of women’s rights.

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